国内趋势 Nationwide trend
According to China Statistical Yearbook 2014, in 2014, the total amount of waste that was treated properly without causing damage to environment in China was 15,394 tons, 68.16% of which was from landfill and 30.1% was from incineration. However, the dioxin generated during incineration still caused secondary pollution to some degree, together with other possible pollutant from incineration like ash and heavy metal.
In 2015, the waste amount per capita in city is 450 kilogram. This figure is growing with a speed of 8% to 10% per year. It was reported that there is over 6 billion tons of waste piled in suburban areas of China’s medium to large-size cities, taking up a total area of approximately 500 million square meters. Waste treatment problem is on the rise for many major cities of China.
“十二五”期间，垃圾处理行业年均投资已超500亿元。预测“十三五”期间年均投资将超过700亿元。 “十三五”规划倡导发展循环经济， “加快建设城市餐厨废弃物、建筑垃圾和废旧纺织品等资源化利用和无害化处理系统”。生态文明建设的国家战略和蓝天保卫战的环保战役，倒逼科技创新与产业革命。
During the period of the “12th five-year plan”, the annual amount of investment in the waste treatment industry has been over 50 billion yuan. This figure is estimated to be over 70 billion yuan during the period of the “13th five-year plan” because of the increasing attention from the society and continuous support from the central government.
国际前沿 International trend
Since 1985, U.S., Canada, and Europe have been banning incineration because of its damage to the environment. Recently, increasing attention from many countries has been paid to carbonizationbased waste treatment technology.